Superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers, with nearly quantum-limited sensitivity, have been playing an important role in Terahertz astronomy. For practical THz SIS receivers, however, the measured noise temperatures are sometimes higher than the expected value. The extra noise is mainly due to considerable RF noise contribution from the receiver components such as beam splitter, Dewar window, and infrared filter. In this paper, we mainly present the simulation and measurement results of the three components with different materials and thicknesses. Their noise contributions are also analyzed.
Besides the sensitivity nearly approaching the quantum limit, the intermediate-frequency (IF) bandwidth is of particular interesting for Superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers for radio astronomy research. In this paper, we are going to present the characteristic of IF bandwidth of two type of NbN SIS mixers, Long distributed junctions and Parallel-connected twin junctions. Firstly, the relative mixer gain are measured with different IF load impedance (25Ω, 50Ω, 75Ω) for both two SIS mixers. And also the mixers gain with different IF load impedance is simulated to get the optimum IF load impedance over a relative large IF bandwidth (2-15GHz). Finally, an IF matching circuit is designed and measured associating with SIS mixers, the measurement results show that the mixers gain are flatter over a large IF bandwidth than with 50Ω IF load impedance.