High-density Polyethylene (HDPE), with a density above 0.95 g/cm3, has been widely used in terahertz systems. The advantages of low absorption loss, low refractive index and high rigidity make HDPE an ideal material for cryostat window, focus lens and substrate. HDPE can be machined easily and be used as a substrate material for components such as metal mesh filters and polarizers. What’s more, it is quite inert and can be used at cryogenic temperatures. On account of these applications, we need to characterize the dielectric property of HDPE precisely in a wide frequency range. In this paper, we present the transmittance measurements of a 2 mm thick HDPE sheet from 0.1 THz to 15 THz. Three kinds of measurement methods are employed to cover the whole frequency range. A vector network analyzer (VNA) combined with a quasi-optical transmissometer has been used to measure the transmittance and dielectric constant of HDPE from 0.16 THz to 0.18 THz at 300 K and 4 K. A Time Domain Spectrometer (TDS) is employed to cover the frequency range from 0.2 THz to 3 THz since the VNA can’t work upon 1 THz. A Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (FTS) has been used for the measurement from 3 THz to 15 THz since the TDS can’t achieve broad band and fast scan speed. The measured transmittance of HDPE is nearly 0.93 below 1 THz and decrease to 0.3 when the frequency increase to 15 THz. A rather elusive absorption band at 2.2 THz has also been observed. The dielectric constant of HDPE has been measured by VNA and TDS, showing a frequency independency from 0.1 THz to 3 THz.
Superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers, with nearly quantum-limited sensitivity, have been playing an important role in Terahertz astronomy. For practical THz SIS receivers, however, the measured noise temperatures are sometimes higher than the expected value. The extra noise is mainly due to considerable RF noise contribution from the receiver components such as beam splitter, Dewar window, and infrared filter. In this paper, we mainly present the simulation and measurement results of the three components with different materials and thicknesses. Their noise contributions are also analyzed.
Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKID) are a promising low temperature superconducting detector because of high sensitivity, easy frequency-domain multiplexing and simple structure for large-format arrays. To develop large-format THz detectors for China’s Antarctic THz telescope, we have preliminarily designed an aluminum 64-pixel MKID array operating at the 350 GHz band. In this paper, the characteristics of the MKID array are thoroughly measured.