In recent years, hyperspectral imaging (HSI) has been shown as a promising imaging modality to assist pathologists in the diagnosis of histological samples. In this work, we present the use of HSI for discriminating between normal and tumor breast cancer cells. Our customized HSI system includes a hyperspectral (HS) push-broom camera, which is attached to a standard microscope, and home-made software system for the control of image acquisition. Our HS microscopic system works in the visible and near-infrared (VNIR) spectral range (400 - 1000 nm). Using this system, 112 HS images were captured from histologic samples of human patients using 20× magnification. Cell-level annotations were made by an expert pathologist in digitized slides and were then registered with the HS images. A deep learning neural network was developed for the HS image classification, which consists of nine 2D convolutional layers. Different experiments were designed to split the data into training, validation and testing sets. In all experiments, the training and the testing set correspond to independent patients. The results show an area under the curve (AUCs) of more than 0.89 for all the experiments. The combination of HSI and deep learning techniques can provide a useful tool to aid pathologists in the automatic detection of cancer cells on digitized pathologic images.
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI), which acquires up to hundreds of bands, has been proposed as a promising imaging modality for digitized histology beyond RGB imaging to provide more quantitative information to assist pathologists with disease detection in samples. While digitized RGB histology is quite standardized and easy to acquire, histological HSI often requires custom-made equipment and longer imaging times compared to RGB. In this work, we present a dataset of corresponding RGB digitized histology and histological HSI of breast cancer, and we develop a conditional generative adversarial network (GAN) to artificially synthesize HSI from standard RGB images of normal and cancer cells. The results of the GAN synthesized HSI are promising, showing structural similarity (SSIM) of approximately 80% and mean absolute error (MAE) of 6 to 11%. Further work is needed to establish the ability of generating HSI from RGB images on larger datasets.