Proc. SPIE. 11765, Optical Architectures for Displays and Sensing in Augmented, Virtual, and Mixed Reality (AR, VR, MR) II
KEYWORDS: Light emitting diodes, Modulation, Multiplexing, Semiconductor lasers, Field effect transistors, Digital micromirror devices, Field emission displays, Prototyping, Resolution enhancement technologies, RGB color model
The recently reported “Angular Spatial Light Modulator” (ASLM) light engine, using pulsed illumination synchronized to a Digital Micromirror Device (DMD), shows significant promise to enhance pixel counts of Near-to-Eye Displays (NED) without increasing package volume, but requires an uncommon illumination driver. We present a field effect transistor based constant-current driver that is fast, compact, and scalable to RGB illumination. The digital-to-analog convertor modulates intensity on-the-fly for illumination-based multiplexing. The driver outputs 100 ns pulses, up to 24 kHz repetition rate. The circuit is demonstrated for two laser diodes and for two LEDs in an ASLM-enhanced pixel count display.
A holographic lidar concept established on the Digital Micromirror Mirror (DMD)-based hybrid light modulation is reported, which multiplexes coarse-steering by sawtooth phase modulation and fine-steering by binary amplitude modulation. The hybrid steering is achieved by overlaying displayed Computer-Generated Holograms (CGHs) with a sawtooth blazed grating phase mask, which the blaze angle programmed by synchronized short-pulse illumination of transitioning micromirrors creating the CGHs. The steering principle is demonstrated as a 2D beam steering scheme with a 532 nm visible pulse laser, and implemented into a 905 nm lidar system with a 44° field-of-view, 0.9°×0.4° angular resolution, 7.8 FPS video frame rate, and 1 m detection distance.
The “Angular Spatial Light Modulator” (ASLM) utilizes digital micromirror device (DMD) as a binary patterned programmable blazed grating to increase number of output pixels of a DMD by merging geometric and diffractive optical capabilities of the DMD. We demonstrate series of capabilities of the ASLM for beam and pattern steering. In particular, a single-chip beam steering lidar, an extended FOV display, a light-field projector, and a multi-view display which can be implemented into AR/VR systems. We also present our metrology results of wavefront distortion of DMD while micro mirrors are transitioning over between on and off states.