We propose an invariant description method based on Zernike moments to classify hand vein patterns from raw infrared (IR) images. Orthogonal moments provide linearly independent descriptors and are invariant to affine transformations, such as translation, rotation, and scaling. A mathematical expression is given to derive a set of moment invariants. The obtained features have all the properties of moment invariants with the additional feature of image contrast invariance. For dorsal hand vein pattern acquisition, an IR imaging system is implemented. Also, a public database is used for a palm vein recognition task. A correct rate classification (CRC) above 99.9% is achieved using a set of rotation, scale, and intensity Zernike moment invariants. Additionally, multilayer perceptron and K-nearest neighbors are used as classifiers having as input data the Zernike normalized moments. A discriminative feature evaluation of the image moments allows the reduction of the number of descriptors while maintaining a high classification rate of 99%. The efficiency of the moment descriptors is evaluated in terms of accuracy and reduced computational cost by (a) avoiding the necessity of a preprocessing stage and (b) reducing the feature vector dimension. Experimental results show that Zernike moment invariants are able to achieve hand vein recognition without image preprocessing or image normalization with respect to change of size, rotation, and intensity.
The detection of a temperature increase or hot spots in breast thermograms can be related with high metabolic activity of disease cells. Image processing algorithms to seek mainly temperature increases above 3°C which have a high probability of being a malignancy are proposed. Also a derivative operator is used to highlights breast regions of interest (ROI). In order to determinate a medical alert, a feature descriptor of the ROI is constructed using its maximum temperature, maximum increase of temperature, sector/quadrant position in the breast, and area. The proposed algorithms are tested in a home database and a public database for mastology research.
When strong Jaundice is presented, babies or adults should be subject to clinical exam like “serum bilirubin” which can cause traumas in patients. Often jaundice is presented in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer. In order to avoid additional traumas we propose to detect jaundice (icterus) in newborns or adults by using a not pain method. By acquiring digital images in color, in palm, soles and forehead, we analyze RGB attributes and diffuse reflectance spectra as the parameter to characterize patients with either jaundice or not, and we correlate that parameters with the level of bilirubin. By applying support vector machine we distinguish between healthy and sick patients.
This paper presents a sensor of liquids using Raman spectroscopy. Results are displayed using 96
degrees alcohol mixed with collagen, moreover we used samples of acetone with alcohol, acetone
with collagen. Raman spectrum noise is decreased using a matlab ® algorithm that works with
wavelets symmlets. The results show main spectral lines for each of the samples used.