We present the design strategy of shallow-angle grating couplers for vertical emission from InP devices, and then discuss the focusing effect of a 2D grating. Measured beam shapes from prototyped devices agree well with the simulation results.
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We report on a monolithic indium phosphide photonic integrated transmitter capable of generating high-speed return-tozero differential phase shift keying (RZ-DPSK) data streams for space optical communications as high as 5 Gbps. The integrated transmitter includes a sampled grating distributed Bragg reflector laser continuously tunable over 30 nm in the C-band, a semiconductor optical amplifier for amplification, a Mach-Zehnder modulator for encoding phase-shift-keying data, and electro-absorption modulator for return-to-zero pulse carving. The transmitter is situated in a custom electronics test bed for biasing various PIC sections and driving the modulators. Furthermore, this transmitter can also be utilized for 10 Gbps DPSK or NRZ-OOK.
We present results of an indium phosphide (InP) monolithic photonic integrated circuit (PIC) transmitter suitable for space-optical communications up to 10 Gbps for NRZ-OOK and DPSK modulation and up to 5 Gbps RZ-DPSK modulation. The PIC includes an SG-DBR laser tunable across the entire telecommunications C-Band, a semi-conductor optical amplifier (SOA), a Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) for efficient encoding of phase information, and an electroabsorption modulator (EAM) which serves as an RZ pulse carver. The transmitter PIC is integrated in a testbed with a custom board that provides biasing and driving electronics. The commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) differential driver generates an estimated 4.5-5 Vpp differential modulation voltage for the dual drive MZM. An identical driver was used for the EAM 50% RZ pulse carver but only a single output was used with the other output terminated with a 50Ω load. The SOA and laser gain sections were biased at 90 mA each. Clear eye openings were achieved for all modulation formats.