Today, many materials are being investigated as possible artificial muscle devices. Nanotubes and conducting polymers are two of the most attractive materials for this application, because of their low operating voltage. In this research, a number of materials are investigated, including nanotube based polymer composites. Methods of characterisation include thermal analysis using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), hot stage microscopy and polarized light microscopy were used to evaluate the morphology of the composites. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used as a compliment to the DSC and hot stage microscopy to examine the crystallinity. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) was employed to determine the effect of the nanotubes on the molecular weight of the polymer. Since the application of this research is a biomedical device, the biocompatibility of the composites was examined using contact angle analysis and cytotoxicity tests. In summary, results to date indicate that these materials have promise as possible artificial muscle devices.