LiteBIRD is a candidate for JAXA’s strategic large mission to observe the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization over the full sky at large angular scales. It is planned to be launched in the 2020s with an H3 launch vehicle for three years of observations at a Sun-Earth Lagrangian point (L2). The concept design has been studied by researchers from Japan, U.S., Canada and Europe during the ISAS Phase-A1. Large scale measurements of the CMB B-mode polarization are known as the best probe to detect primordial gravitational waves. The goal of LiteBIRD is to measure the tensor-to-scalar ratio (r) with precision of r < 0:001. A 3-year full sky survey will be carried out with a low frequency (34 - 161 GHz) telescope (LFT) and a high frequency (89 - 448 GHz) telescope (HFT), which achieve a sensitivity of 2.5 μK-arcmin with an angular resolution 30 arcminutes around 100 GHz. The concept design of LiteBIRD system, payload module (PLM), cryo-structure, LFT and verification plan is described in this paper.
We present the design and experimental demonstration of a 16-channel frequency domain multiplexing (FDM) readout for transition-edge sensor (TES) bolometers. This readout system is going to be implemented on the LSPE/SWIPE balloon-borne experiment, whose goal is to detect the polarization of cosmic microwave background (CMB) at large angular scales and whose launch is scheduled for December 2019.
We describe the fabrication process of the Niobium superconducting inductors and the qualification tests performed in our 300 mK cryogenic facility in INFN Pisa of the boomerang shaped PCBs hosting the LC chains and the gradiometric SQUIDs, which are going to be mounted on the back of the SWIPE focal planes. The development of the warm readout electronics is presented, together with the firmware for the generation and readout of the biasing frequency comb.
LiteBIRD is a space-borne project for mapping the anisotropy of the linear polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The project aims to measure the B-mode pattern in a large angular scale to test the cosmic inflation theory. It is currently in the design phase lead by an international team of Japan, US, Canada, and Europe. We report the current status of the design of the electrical architecture of the payload module of the satellite, which is based on the heritages of other cryogenic space science missions using bolometers or microcalorimeters.
We present the design and first tests of a prototype readout for the SWIPE instrument onboard the LSPE balloon-borne experiment. LSPE aims at measuring the linear polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) at large angular scales, to find the imprint of inflation on the B-mode CMB polarization. The SWIPE instrument hosts two focal planes hosting 163 TES Au/Mo spiderweb bolometers each, cooled at 0.3 K for the detection of microwave frequencies of 140, 220 and 240 GHz.
To read all the detectors, a 16 channel frequency domain multiplexing readout system has been devised, consisting of LC resonators composed of custom Nb superconducting inductors and commercial SMD capacitors.
A set-up consisting of 14 LC resonators shows that we can accommodate 16 channels in the frequency range between 200 kHz and 1.6 MHz, since the necessary line-widths can be achieved. A preliminary firmware for the generation and read-out of the biasing frequency comb is also discussed.