Photoacoustic imaging modality is a new biomedical imaging which provides images with high resolution and contrast from different parts of body. In this paper, we have designed a new optical system by using a fiber bundle in order to imaging of a hemorrhage inside of the infant's head. We used Monte Carlo algorithm to simulate light propagation in the infant's head, an acoustic k-space method to simulate photoacoustic signal propagation in it, and time reversal image reconstruction algorithm to get 3D image of the hemorrhage. According to our simulation, this new optical system can provides homogeneous illumination on the infant's head Leads to more accurate images. Furthermore, we have designed and optimized an optical system in order to coupling light from laser source into a fiber bundle with more than 94% efficiency.
We present a simple mathematical method for phase shifting that overcomes some phase shift errors and limitations of commonly used methods. The method is used to generate a sequence of phase-shifted interferograms from a single interferogram. The generated interferograms are employed to reconstruct the wavefront aberrations, as an application. The approach yields results with only very small deviations compared to both simulated wavefront aberrations, including the first 25 Zernike polynomials (0.05%) and those measured with a Shack-Hartmann sensor (0.5%).
A systematic design method for quasi-symmetrical wide angle systems is presented. The method starts with thin lens predesign of half of the system using most available glasses. The aperture stop position is determined for reducing astigmatism and the system is made symetrical about it for eliminating Coma, Lateral colour and Distortion. Finally the system is optimized using Eikonal
software for infinite conjugate.
The different methods of optical systems' optimization such as
Newton and Least Squares along with their modification are
discussed. Monte-Carlo technique as an statistical method which
can overcome the shortcoming of those classic methods (such as the
rate of convergence, the possibility of finding the overall
minimum and avoiding local minima) is presented and compared with
the other ones. An numerical example is presented to verify the
In optical systems with modest fields of view, pupil spherical aberration and pupil coma are the principal pupil aberrations of significance, but at extreme fields of view, astigmatic effects and field curvature and distortion effects of the pupil imagery play a part in understanding the subtleties of oblique object-image imagery. Biogon and fisheye wide angle lens systems have been investigated for their pupil aberration properties, along with the investigation of similar effects in a panoramic optical system.