This paper is devoted to investigating the application of different dynamic light structures generated by a self-calibrated Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) display for microparticle manipulation. Two major studies based on implementing different DOEs, to thoroughly characterize the LCoS display and to achieve optical-inspired particle manipulation, are proposed, respectively. On the one hand, we dynamically introduced two diffractive lens based patterns (the Billet-lens configuration and the micro-lens array pattern) on the LCoS display, from which the self-calibration of the studied device is implemented. In this case, both the phase-voltage relation and the surface profile were determined and optimized to the optimal performance for microparticle manipulation. On the other hand, we performed the optical manipulation of microparticles by addressing configurable three-dimensional light structures obtained from different phase driven split-lens configurations initiated by the same but optimized LCoS display. Experimental results demonstrated that, by addressing certain phase distributions on the LCoS display, the microparticle can be trapped in the light cones and manipulated by providing certain continuous split-lens configurations.
Recently, a set of polarimetric indicators, the Indices of Polarimetric Purity (IPPs), were described in the literature. These indicators allow synthesize depolarization content of samples, and provide further analysis of depolarizers than other existing polarimetric indicators. We demonstrate the potential of the IPPs as a criterion to characterize and classify depolarizing samples. In particular, the method is firstly analyzed through a series of basic polarization experiments, and we prove how differences in the depolarizing capability of samples, concealed from the commonly used depolarization index PΔ, are identified with the IPPs.
In the second part of this work, the method is experimentally highlighted by studying a rabbit leg ex-vivo sample. The obtained images of the ex-vivo sample illustrate how IPPs provide a significant enhancement in the image contrast of some biological tissues and, in some cases, present new information hidden in the usual polarimetric channels. Moreover, new physical interpretation of the sample can be derived from the IPPs which allow us to synthesize the depolarization behavior.
Finally, we also propose a pseudo-colored encoding of the IPPs information that provides an improved visualization of the samples. This last technique opens the possibility to highlight a specific tissue structure by properly adjusting the pseudo-colored formula.
We proposed a self-calibration method to calibrate both the phase-voltage look-up table and the screen phase distribution of Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) displays by implementing different lens configurations on the studied device within a same optical scheme. On the one hand, the phase-voltage relation is determined from interferometric measurements, which are obtained by addressing split-lens phase distributions on the LCoS display. On the other hand, the surface profile is retrieved by self-addressing a diffractive micro-lens array to the LCoS display, in a way that we configure a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor that self-determines the screen spatial variations. Moreover, both the phase-voltage response and the surface phase inhomogeneity of the LCoS are measured within the same experimental set-up, without the necessity of further adjustments. Experimental results prove the usefulness of the above-mentioned technique for LCoS displays characterization.