Three materials had highly twisted molecular structures. In film state, excimer emission can be interpreted as result of orientation effect. Wavelength of excimer was controlled through the change of center position of triple core chromophore, and the CIE of white light could be controlled.
Chrysene, which has a wide band gap, was selected as an emission core to develop and study new materials that emit ultra-deep-blue light with high efficiency. Six compounds introducing various side groups were designed and synthesized: 6, 12-bis(30,50-diphenylphenyl)chrysene (TP-C-TP), 6-(30,50-diphenylphenyl)-12-(3,5-diphenylbiphenyl-400-yl)chrysene (TP-C-TPB) and 6,12-bis(300,500-diphenylbiphenyl-40-yl)chrysene (TPB-C-TPB), which contained bulky aromatic si de groups; and N,N,N0 ,N0-tetraphenyl-chrysene-6,12-diamine (DPA-C-DPA), [12-(4-diphenylamino-phenyl)-chrysene-6-yl]-diphenylamine(DPA-C-TPA) and 6,12-bis[4-(diphenylamino)phenyl]chrysene (TPA-C-TPA), which contained aromatic amine groups, were designed to afford improved hole injection properties. The synthesized materials showed maxi mum absorption wavelengths at 342–402 nm in the film state and exhibited deep-blue photoluminescence (PL) emission s at 417–464 nm. The use of TP-C-TPB in a non-doped organic light emitting diode (OLED) device resulted in ultra-deep-blue emission with an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 4.02% and Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage coo rdinates (CIE x, y) of (0.154, 0.042) through effective control of the internal conjugation length and suppression of the p –p* stacking. The use of TPA-C-TPA, which includes an aromatic amine side group, afforded an excellent EQE of 4.83 % and excellent color coordinates CIE x, y of (0.147, 0.077).
Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have attracted considerable attention in both academic and industrial circles. Certain properties of OLEDs make them especially attractive in the lighting market, including area emission characteristics not found in other existing light sources, environmentally friendly efficient use of energy, large area, ultra-light weight, and ultra-thin shape. Fluorescent and phosphorescent materials that are being applied to white OLEDs have been categorized, and the chemical structures and device performances of the important blue, orange, and red light-emitting materials have been summarized. Such a systematic classification and understanding of the materials that have already been reported can aid the development and study of new light-emitting materials through quantitative and qualitative approaches.