Whispering gallery mode resonators (WGMRs) are very interesting for sensing because a resonance shift could be caused by any perturbation of the surrounding environment. Additionally such a resonator is coated with nanomaterials to tailor and enhance the sensitivity for a specific purpose. WGMR were fabricated using standard telecommunication fiber and a hydrogen flame, characterized using the scan method to obtain the quality factors and then coated with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using dip coating method and characterized again for comparison. Au NPs were chosen because their positive impact on microresonator sensitivity has been mentioned before and the surface can later be functionalized. The deposited layer was investigated and new properties no over-coupling due to Van der Waals forces and suppression of higher order modes were observed after coating the resonator. To observe the localized surface plasmon resonance a glucose sensor test was performed using the WGMRs coated with Au NPs and glucose oxidase. Comparing the results with control measurements, the resonance shifted more for samples with Au NPs.
In this paper we report the current stage of the development of a cavity ring-down spectrometer (CRDS) system using exhaled human breath analysis for the diagnostics of different diseases like diabetes and later lung cancer. The portable CRDS system is made in ultraviolet spectral region using Nd:Yag laser 266 nm pulsed light. Calibration of the CRDS system was performed using generated samples by KinTek automated permeation tube system and self-prepared mixtures with known concentration of benzene and acetone in air. First experiments showed that the limits of detection for benzene and acetone are several tens of ppb.
In this paper we report first results from the developed cavity ring-down spectrometer for application in human breath analysis for the diagnostics of diabetes and later for early detection of lung cancer. Our cavity ring-down spectrometer works in UV region with pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 266 nm wavelength. First experiments allow us to determine acetone and benzene at the level bellow ppm. In our experiment, first results from breath samples from volunteers after doing different activities were collected and examined. Influence of the smoking on the breath signals also was examined.
Whispering Gallery Mode (WGM) resonators are very sensitive to nanoparticles attaching to the surface. We simulate this process using COMSOL Wave Optics module. Our spherical WGM resonators are produced by melting a tip of an optical fiber and we measure optical Q factors in the 105 range. Molecular oxygen lines of the air in the 760 nm region are used as reference markers when looking for the shifts of the WGM resonance lines. We demonstrate WGM microresonator surface coating with a layer of ZnO nanorods as well as with polystyrene microspheres. Coatings produce increased contact surface. Additional layer of antigens/antibodies will be coated to make high-specificity biosensors.
In this paper we show our first results of research for creation a detector for benzene vapor and possibly other volatile organic compounds detection in air based on Zeeman atomic absorption technique. First the detailed study of benzene absorption spectra with high resolution spectrometer Jobin-Yvon 1000M was done. The absorption spectra of benzene were registered in the spectral range from 200-900 nm. More detailed analysis was done for the 240 – 260 nm spectral range to test a possibility to detect benzene by means of emission line of 254 nm of mercury.
We present a measurement of the 1S-2S transition frequency in atomic hydrogen by two-photon spectroscopy
yielding f1S-2S = 2 466 061 413 187 035 (10) Hz corresponding to a fractional frequency uncertainty of 4.2×10-15.
The result presents a more than three times improvement on the previous best measurement.
We purpose a new method for 1s-2s spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen. Our method is based on a new detection
scheme, utilizing a three-photon ionization to obtain a signal correspondent to the excitation of atoms into 2s
state. We report about assembling and test of a proton detection system for this measurement. To measure a
second order Doppler shift we purpose a delayed detection scheme. Using this method we plan to reduce the
uncertainty of the absolute frequency measurement to the 10-15 domain.