We have analyzed and measured the quantum coherent dynamics of a circuit containing two coupled superconducting charge qubits. Each qubit is based on a Cooper pair box connected to a reservoir electrode through a Josephson junction. Two qubits are coupled electrostatically by a small island overlapping both Cooper pair boxes. Quantum state manipulation ofthe qubit circuit is done by applying non-adiabatic voltage pulses to the common gate. We read out each qubit by means of probe electrodes connected to Cooper pair boxes through high-Ohmic tunnel junctions. With such a setup the measured pulse-induced probe currents are proportional to the probability for each qubit to have an extra Cooper pai1r after the manipulation. As expected from theory and observed experimentally the measured pulse-induced current in each probe has two frequency components whose position on the frequency axis can be externally controlled. This is a result ofthe inter-qubit coupling which is also responsible for the avoided level crossing that we observed in the qubits' spectra. Our simulations show that in the absence of decoherence and with a rectangular pulse shape the system remains entangled most ofthe time reaching maximally entangled states at certain instances.
The technologies of Josephson-junction-based qubits have been progressing rapidly, ever since its first demonstration by a superconducting charge qubit1. A variety of systems have been implemented with remarkable progress in coherence time and read-out schemes. Although the current level of this solid-state device is still not as advanced as that of the most advanced microscopic-system-based qubits, these developments, together with the potential scalability, have renewed its position as a strong candidate as a building block for the quantum computer. Recently, coherent oscillation and microwave spectroscopy in capacitively-coupled superconducting qubits have been reported. The next challenging step toward quantum computation is a realization of logic gates. Here we demonstrate a conditional gate operation using a pair of coupled superconducting charge qubits. Using a pulse technique, we prepare different input states and show that they can be transformed by controlled-NOT (C-NOT) gate operation in the amplitude of the states. Although the phase evolution during the gate operation is still to be clarified, the present results are a major step toward the realization of a universal solid-state quantum gate.
In exploring the feasibility of fabricating high Tc SNS Josephson junctions with well-defined and clean SN interfaces, have been cleaved epitaxial thin films of Y-Ba-Cu-O and Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O of various crystal orientations in vacuum while the evaporation of a noble metal is taking place. The samples had structures which allowed in situ formation of SNS junctions when the films were cleaved together with substrate with the area of the SN interfaces defined by the revealed cross-sectional edge surfaces of the films. Electrical measurements of the resulting junctions show that oxide/metal interfaces possess contact resistance in the order of 10 to the 9th to 10 to the 8th ohm-sq cm which is at least two orders of magnitude larger than that of similarly made SN interfaces with metallic superconductors. The nature of this interface and the factors influencing and giving rise to the contact resistance are discussed.