A reconfigurable microwave photonic frequency upconverter with local oscillator (LO) doubling or LO quadrupling is proposed based on two cascaded dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulators (DPMZMs) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with a wide bandwidth (0.4 nm). The first DPMZM is used to generate the ±1st-order or ±2nd-order sidebands of the LO signal. The FBG is inserted to separate the positive and negative sidebands. Only the transmitted LO sideband is sent to the second DPMZM, and the carrier-suppressed single-sideband (CS-SSB) modulation of the intermediate frequency (IF) signal is realized by using an electrical 90 deg hybrid coupler. The reflected LO sideband via FBG and the −1st-order IF sideband are combined. Then, the upconverted signal with the frequency of 2ωLO + ωIF or 4ωLO + ωIF can be generated by a photodetector. The experimental results show that the spur suppression ratios of the upconverter with LO doubling and quadrupling are 21.3 and 11.3 dB, respectively. The proposed approach greatly reduces the frequency requirement of the LO signal. The purity of electrical spectrum is largely improved in both the LO doubling and LO quadrupling upconversion benefiting from the CS-SSB modulation. Furthermore, these two upconversion modes can be easily switched by tuning the DC biases of the first DPMZM.
A microwave photonic frequency downconverter is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on an integrated polarization division multiplexing dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder (PDM-DPMZM) modulator. The radio frequency (RF) and the local oscillator (LO) signals are feed to the modulator through two electrical 90° hybrid couplers, respectively. The carrier suppress single sideband (CS-SSB) modulation can be achieved by adjusting the DC biases of the modulator. Then an intermediate frequency (IF) signal can be obtained by beating. The microwave photonic frequency downconversion link based on PDM-DPMZM is built. The result shows that both optical carrier sideband suppression ratio and sideband suppression ratio are over 20dB, and the spurious-free dynamic range achieves 98.0 dB·Hz2/3. No extra mixing spurs interferes the interested IF signal owing to the CS-SSB modulation. Besides, the proposed method has good isolation between the RF signal and LO signal.
Comparing with the conventional double-sideband (DSB) modulation in communication system, single-sideband (SSB) modulation only demands half bandwidth of DSB in transmission. Two common ways are employed to implement SSB modulation by using optical filter (OF) or electrical 90° phase shift, respectively. However, the bandwidth of above methods is limited by characteristics of current OF and electrical phase shift. To overcome this problem, an ultra-wideband microwave photonic link based on SSB modulation is proposed and demonstrated. The radio frequency (RF) signal modulates a single-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator, and the SSB modulation is realized by combining an electrical 90° hybrid coupler and an optical bandpass filter. The experimental results indicate that the system can achieve SSB modulation for RF signal from 2 to 40 GHz. The proposed microwave photonic link provides an ultra-wideband approach based on SSB modulation for radio-over-fiber system.