A microwave photonic frequency downconverter is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on an integrated polarization division multiplexing dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder (PDM-DPMZM) modulator. The radio frequency (RF) and the local oscillator (LO) signals are feed to the modulator through two electrical 90° hybrid couplers, respectively. The carrier suppress single sideband (CS-SSB) modulation can be achieved by adjusting the DC biases of the modulator. Then an intermediate frequency (IF) signal can be obtained by beating. The microwave photonic frequency downconversion link based on PDM-DPMZM is built. The result shows that both optical carrier sideband suppression ratio and sideband suppression ratio are over 20dB, and the spurious-free dynamic range achieves 98.0 dB·Hz2/3. No extra mixing spurs interferes the interested IF signal owing to the CS-SSB modulation. Besides, the proposed method has good isolation between the RF signal and LO signal.
Comparing with the conventional double-sideband (DSB) modulation in communication system, single-sideband (SSB) modulation only demands half bandwidth of DSB in transmission. Two common ways are employed to implement SSB modulation by using optical filter (OF) or electrical 90° phase shift, respectively. However, the bandwidth of above methods is limited by characteristics of current OF and electrical phase shift. To overcome this problem, an ultra-wideband microwave photonic link based on SSB modulation is proposed and demonstrated. The radio frequency (RF) signal modulates a single-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator, and the SSB modulation is realized by combining an electrical 90° hybrid coupler and an optical bandpass filter. The experimental results indicate that the system can achieve SSB modulation for RF signal from 2 to 40 GHz. The proposed microwave photonic link provides an ultra-wideband approach based on SSB modulation for radio-over-fiber system.
A photonic microwave down-conversion approach is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on a Mach-Zehnder modulator paralleled with a phase modulator. The incident radio frequency signal and the local oscillator signal are feed to the MZM and PM, respectively, and these two modulated optical signals interfere in the coupler. The useless higher-order sidebands are removed by a tunable optical band-pass filter. The principle of microwave frequency down-conversion is analyzed theoretically, the MZM and PM paralleled frequency down-conversion system is built. Then the performance of system is tested, and the experimental results show that the spurious-free dynamic range achieves 104.8 dB:Hz2/3. Compared to the conventional MZM-MZM cascaded system, the SFDR has been improved by 16 dB. The MZM and PM paralleled frequency down-conversion system can balance the intensity of the two coherent beams easily, and only single DC bias is needed. The proposed method possesses simple structure and high dynamic range.
In order to enhance conversion efficiency and spurious free dynamic range of microwave photonic link, we present a microwave photonic down-conversion system based on an integrated dual-parallel Mach Zehnder modulator (DPMZM) and microwave photonic filter. The principle of frequency down conversion is analyzed. We demonstrate the conversion efficiency of system through theoretical derivation and simulation. The performance of the microwave photonic link is tested experimentally. It is found that the spurious free dynamic range of the proposed method is up to 102.5dB/Hz2/3 and the conversion efficiency is up to -22.01dB. The integrated dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator link can serve as a good alternative to improve the conversion efficiency and spurious free dynamic range.