In recent years, with the raising of the effectiveness and importance of precision guided weapons in the modern high-technology war, the development of precision guidance system has made outstanding achievements. But because the targets, environment and mission of the precision guidance system have been changed significantly, the complexity of the battlefield environment and the uncertainty of the target characteristics bring new challenges to the development of precision guidance systems and technology. To make the missile adapt to the complex and varying battlefield environment and engage various targets accurately, the concepts of intelligent missile and the intelligentization of precise guidance system based on artificial intelligence technology are put forward. Although the concept of intelligent missile has been put forward for many years，the development of the existing precision guidance system still suffers from the lag of the capability of intelligentization. There is still no good solution to the problem of automatic target recognition and decision making in complex battlefield environment with high intelligence. It is difficult to meet the requirement to adapt to the complex and varying battlefield environment and engage various targets accurately under the fierce countermeasure conditions. Focusing on the precise guidance automatic target recognition, in this paper，the development process of the intelligent precise guidance ATR system is introduced. The challenges faced by the current precision guidance ATR system’s intellectualization is analyzed. Some superficial views on the development of the intelligent ATR are given.
Today’s infrared imaging guiding missiles are facing many challenges. With the development of targets’ stealth, new-style IR countermeasures and penetrating technologies as well as the complexity of the operational environments, infrared imaging guiding missiles must meet the higher requirements of efficient target detection, capability of anti-interference and anti-jamming and the operational adaptability in complex, dynamic operating environments. Missileborne infrared imaging detecting systems are constrained by practical considerations like cost, size, weight and power (SWaP), and lifecycle requirements. Future-generation infrared imaging guiding missiles need to be resilient to changing operating environments and capable of doing more with fewer resources. Advanced IR imaging detecting and information exploring technologies are the key technologies that affect the future direction of IR imaging guidance missiles. Infrared imaging detecting and information exploring technologies research will support the development of more robust and efficient missile-borne infrared imaging detecting systems. Novelty IR imaging technologies, such as Infrared adaptive spectral imaging, are the key to effectively detect, recognize and track target under the complicated operating and countermeasures environments. Innovative information exploring techniques for the information of target, background and countermeasures provided by the detection system is the base for missile to recognize target and counter interference, jamming and countermeasure. Modular hardware and software development is the enabler for implementing multi-purpose, multi-function solutions. Uncooled IRFPA detectors and High-operating temperature IRFPA detectors as well as commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology will support the implementing of low-cost infrared imaging guiding missiles. In this paper, the current status and features of missile-borne IR imaging detecting technologies are summarized. The key technologies and its development trends of missiles’ IR imaging detecting technologies are analyzed.
In recent years, precision guided weapons play more and more important role in modern war. The development and
applications of infrared imaging guidance technology have been paid more and more attention. And with the increasing
of the complexity of mission and environment, precision guided weapons make stricter demand for infrared imaging
seeker. The demands for infrared imaging seeker include: high detection sensitivity, large dynamic range, having better
target recognition capability, having better anti-jamming capability and better environment adaptability. To meet the
strict demand of weapon system, several important issues should be considered in high-performance infrared imaging
seeker design. The mission, targets, environment of infrared imaging guided missile must be regarded. The tradeoff
among performance goal, design parameters, infrared technology constraints and missile constraints should be
considered. The optimized application of IRFPA and ATR in complicated environment should be concerned. In this
paper, some design considerations for high-performance infrared imaging seeker were discussed.
In this paper, the current status of infrared imaging detecting technology was introduced briefly. The impact of changes of target, environment and mission on the development of infrared imaging detecting technology was analyzed. The main innovation strategies of infrared imaging detecting technology–modifying information acquisition mode, enhancing realization ability and increasing resources utilization were discussed. The promoting effects of the advancement of basic theories and the revolution of relevant technologies on the development of infrared imaging detecting technology were analyzed. The fundamental law of the development of infrared imaging detecting technology was summarized as stepwise evolution from low into high dimension detection. And the developing trends and main characteristics of future infrared imaging detecting technology were deduced based on this fundamental law. Furthermore, technology directions that should be concerned were introduced according to the development of new concept and technologies for infrared imaging detecting, especially, meeting the new requirements through new concept imaging mechanism such as novel optical technology and computing imaging.