Space-borne integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar for global observation of methane (CH4) requires a tunable single-longitudinal mode (SLM) pulsed laser source at 1645 nm, which coincides with appropriate absorption line of CH4 molecules. To meet this application, a pulsed injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator (OPO) using potassium titanyle arsenate (KTA) as the nonlinear crystal is developed. The OPO set-up is a four-mirror stable ring cavity with two pieces of 15-mm-long KTA crystal in critical phase-matching cut for wavelengths around 1645 nm. A single frequency Nd:YAG master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) laser at 1064 nm serves as the pump. A distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser with a linewidth of 3 MHz is used for injection of the OPO. To insure successful injection seeding process and enough frequency stability, a cavity-length control method based on the optical heterodyne technique is applied on the OPO cavity. Root-mean-square (RMS) of the frequency variation of the signal pulse compared to the seed laser is measured to be 9.9 MHz, and the Allan deviation is less than 0.25 MHz for averaging time of more than 10 s. With 11 mJ pump pulse input at 50 Hz repetition rate, a signal pulse energy of 1.8 mJ is obtained. The pulse width of this OPO is 15 ns and corresponding linewidth is 45 MHz.
A compact single-frequency master oscillator power amplifier laser system composed of three-stage thulium-doped fiber amplifiers was developed. At a repetition rate of 10 Hz, >100-μJ pulse energy at 2050.5-nm wavelength, with ∼431-ns pulse width, was achieved successfully. The pulse profile could be actively controlled by adjusting the drive signal of an acoustic-optical modulator. This all-fiber laser system could be utilized as a seeder laser for a solid-state power amplifier system.
A single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) double-pulse injection-seeded neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser was established utilizing an RbTiOPO4 electro-optic crystal to modulate the optical path of the slave resonator for generating a resonance condition. The Q-switcher was fired twice during every pump period. This enabled the laser to emit a pair of SLM laser pulses with a time separation of 200 μs. Each pulse had a pulse energy of 13 mJ at 50-Hz repetition rate, pulse duration of 20±0.5 ns, and linewidth of 30±0.3 MHz (within 2 min). The beam quality factor of M2 was <1.22. A frequency jitter of 1.4 MHz was obtained within 2 min.