We demonstrate a low-concentrated solar-pumped fiber laser with all-inorganic cesium lead halide perovskite quantum dots (QDs), which function as a sensitizer. The perovskite QDs exhibit substantial advantages for solarpumped laser applications because of their broad absorption and narrow emission spectra with high quantum yield. We successfully tuned the peak emission wavelength of the perovskite QDs by altering the I/Br ratio in order to achieve spectral overlap with Nd3+ ions, which have been widely used as a laser medium for solar-pumped lasers. The measurement results show that the laser output power is highly sensitive to the peak emission wavelength of the QDs. Although our synthesized QDs have a quantum yield of approximately 65%, which is less than that of conventional organic dyes, the laser performance was comparable because the fluorescence spectrum is tailored to the Nd3+ absorption band.
In this paper, we demonstrate an extremely low-concentrated solar-pumped laser (SPL) that uses a transversely excited fiber laser geometry. To eliminate the need for precise solar tracking with an aggressive cooling system and to considerably increase the number of laser applications, low-concentration factors in SPLs are highly desired. We investigate the intrinsic low-loss property of SiO2 optical fibers; this property can be used to compensate for the extremely low gain coefficient of the weakly-pumped active medium by sunlight. As part of the experimental setup, a 40-m long Nd3+-doped SiO2 fiber coil was packed in a ring-shaped chamber filled with a sensitizer solution; this solution functioned as a down-shifter. The dichroic top window of the chamber transmitted a wide range of sunlight and reflected the down-shifted photons, confining them to the highly-reflective chamber until they were absorbed by the Nd3+ ions in the active fiber. We demonstrated a lasing threshold that is 10 times the concentration of natural sunlight and two orders of magnitude smaller than that of conventional SPLs.