Current image re-sampling detectors can reliably detect re-sampling in JPEG images only up to a Quality Factor (QF) of
95 or higher. At lower QFs, periodic JPEG blocking artifacts interfere with periodic patterns of re-sampling. We add a
controlled amount of noise to the image before the re-sampling detection step. Adding noise suppresses the JPEG
artifacts while the periodic patterns due to re-sampling are partially retained. JPEG images of QF range 75-90 are
considered. Gaussian/Uniform noise in the range of 28-24 dB is added to the image and the images thus formed are
passed to the re-sampling detector. The detector outputs are averaged to get a final output from which re-sampling can
be detected even at lower QFs.
We consider two re-sampling detectors - one proposed by Poposcu and Farid , which works well on uncompressed
and mildly compressed JPEG images and the other by Gallagher , which is robust on JPEG images but can detect only
scaled images. For multiple re-sampling operations (rotation, scaling, etc) we show that the order of re-sampling matters.
If the final operation is up-scaling, it can still be detected even at very low QFs.