Terahertz radiation is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum ranging from hundreds of MHz up to several THz. Recent advances in detector technology enable us to develop compact and affordable systems able to generate and detect THz radiation, thus filling the so-called “terahertz gap". Terahertz cameras with thousands of pixels arranged in one or two dimensions allow for real-time imaging applications. THz imaging techniques can be used to detect materials that are opaque to that radiation, such as metal or ceramic objects embedded in THz-transparent materials (e.g. paper, textiles, etc.). Due to its non-ionising nature, THz radiation does not require special shielding precautions compared to X-ray systems, and can be safely applied to living tissue. Terahertz imaging can be employed to detect forbidden objects in security checks with parcels scanners and full body scanners. This paper will describe our recent developments towards an innovative application of a sub-THz imaging system based on a commercially available detector. The setup is used to detect objects inside parcels and packages using a conveyor belt and a THz imaging system. An automatic detection system based on convolutional neural networks has been developed allowing for a real-time selection of targets against a set of images. The performance of the setup will be shown and newest results on the recognition capability will be presented.
For the first time in the history of ground-based y-ray astronomy, the on-axis performance of the dual mirror, aspheric, aplanatic Schwarzschild-Couder optical system has been demonstrated in a 9:7-m aperture imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope. The novel design of the prototype Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (pSCT) is motivated by the need of the next-generation Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) observatory to have the ability to perform wide (≥8°) field-of-view observations simultaneously with superior imaging of atmospheric cascades (resolution of 0:067 per pixel or better). The pSCT design, if implemented in the CTA installation, has the potential to improve significantly both the x-ray angular resolution and the off-axis sensitivity of the observatory, reaching nearly the theoretical limit of the technique and thereby making a major impact on the CTA observatory sky survey programs, follow-up observations of multi-messenger transients with poorly known initial localization, as well as on the spatially resolved spectroscopic studies of extended x-ray sources. This contribution reports on the initial alignment procedures and point-spread-function results for the challenging segmented aspheric primary and secondary mirrors of the pSCT.
The first prototype of the Schwarzschild Couder Medium Size Telescope (pSCT) proposed for the CTA observatory has been installed in 2018 at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory. The pSCT camera is composed of 25 modules with 64 channels each, covering only a small portion of the full focal plane of the telescope. The Italian Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) has developed and characterized in collaboration with Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK) a new generation of Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPMs) sensitive to the Near Ultraviolet wavelengths, based on the High Density technology (NUV-HD devices). The latest generation of 6×6 mm2 SiPMs (called NUV-HD3) have been used to equip a subsection of 9 out of 25 modules of the pSCT camera. An upgrade of this camera is foreseen between 2019 and 2020 using the same sensors, aiming to equip the full focal plane with 177 modules, for a total of more than 11000 pixels. We will present a full characterization of the performance of these devices, highlighting why they are suitable for Cherenkov light detection. An overview on the overall behavior of the installed sensors will be also given, providing information on the uniformity of the sensors and of the performance of the camera.