Gas sensors have wide applications including industrial process control, environment monitoring, safety control, etc. The distribution of these sensors enables data generation for the emerging trend of big data and internet of things. In this work, chip-based non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) gas sensors are demonstrated. Silicon substrate-integrated hollow waveguide (Si-iHWG), which is formed through silicon wafer etching and bonding, is used as optical channel and gas cell. A high sensitivity of 50 ppm for CO2 sensing is demonstrated. The Si-iHWG chip-based sensor with compactness, low cost, versatility, and robustness provides a promising platform for miniaturized gas sensing in various application scenarios.
We present the optical and electrical properties of AlN-based and 12% doped ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors fabricated on 8-inch wafers respectively. Both AlN and ScAlN materials are deposited at a temperature of ~200oC, making them potential candidates for CMOS compatible MEMS pyroelectric detectors. FTIR spectroscopy is used to measure the absorption of these pyroelectric detectors over the wavelength range of ~2–14 μm and the results show absorption improvement up to ~75% for ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors compared to that of AlN-based pyroelectric detectors at the wavelength of 4.26 μm where CO2 gas absorption of IR radiation is anticipated. Higher output current (~3-fold increase) is also observed from ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors. Other than pyroelectric coefficient that contributes to improved performance for ScAlN-based pyroelectric detectors, we believe that absorptivity of the device also plays a major role in the performance of pyroelectric IR detectors. The results obtained from the study of the electrical and optical properties of AlN-based and ScAlN-based CMOS compatible MEMS pyroelectric detectors will bring forth potential applications of these detectors onto multi-functional integrable and monolithic platforms.
A thermal emitter fabricated on complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible facilities is a key component for low-cost mid-infrared gas sensing. While conventional thermal emitters have broad spectrum and wide emission angle, which limit the sensing performance. In this work, a microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based thermal emitter with photonic crystal has been designed and fabricated using CMOS-compatible technology. The photonic crystal enables the emission wavelength selectivity within mid-infrared regime. By engineering photonic crystal dimension, the emission enhancement wavelength can be matched to the fingerprint wavelength of chemical gas for efficient chemical gas sensing purpose.