We are developing an image-slicer type integral field unit (IFU), SWIMS-IFU, for SWIMS (Simultaneous-color Wide-field Infrared Multi-object Spectrograph), a near-infrared instrument for TAO 6.5 m telescope. SWIMS- IFU divides a field-of-view of 16:006 12:008 into 26 slices with a width of 0:005, which is the largest FoV among near-infrared IFUs on 8 m class telescopes. It is also capable of obtaining entire near-infrared spectra from 0.9 to 2.5 m with R1000 with a single exposure. Because of limitations of space in SWIMS, SWIMS-IFU should fit in a volume of 170 x 220 x 60 mm3, which results in small and complicatedly aligned mirror facets. To reduce alignment procedures, we adopt an ultra-precision cutting technique to fabricate mirror arrays monolithically. We have completed one of the mirror arrays, the slit-mirror array which consists of 26 spherical mirror facets, and confirmed both their surface roughness and shape errors satisfy the requirements. We also have fabricated a prototype of the pupil-mirror array including some elliptical mirror facets and confirmed that the elliptical mirrors have enough surface qualities and produce better image quality than spherical ones by a pinhole imaging test.
We introduce novel gratings for next generation instruments of the TMT (Thirty Meter Telescope), the 8.2 m Subaru telescope, other ground-based and space-borne telescopes. The reflector facet transmission (RFT) grating which is a surface relief grating with sawtooth shaped grating lattice of an acute vertex angle, is developed for the WFOS of the TMT. The hybrid grism (direct vision grating) for the MOIRCSof the 8.2m Subaru Telescope is developed as a prototype of the RFT grating. The volume binary grating is developed for a high-dispersion echelle grism of the nuMOIRCS as the first light instrument of the ULTIMATE Subaru. We also developing a silicon grism for the MIMIZUKU of the 6.5m telescope of the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory in Chile and a quasi-Bragg (QB) immersion grating.
We will introduce current status of development of a birefringence volume phase holographic (B-VPH) grating, volume binary (VB) grating and reflector facet transmission (RFT) grating developing as the novel dispersive optical element for astronomical instruments for the 8.2m Subaru Telescope, for next generation 30 m class huge ground-based telescopes and for next generation large space-bone telescopes. We will also introduce a hybrid grism developed for MOIRCS (Multi-Object InfraRed Camera and Spectrograph) of the Subaru Telescope and a quasi-Bragg (QB) immersion grating. Test fabrication of B-VPH gratings with a liquid crystal (LC) of UV curable and normal LCs or a resin of visible light curable are performed. We successfully fabricated VB gratings of silicon as a mold with ridges of a high aspect ratio by means of the cycle etching process, oxidation and removal of silicon oxide. The RFT grating which is a surface-relief (SR) transmission grating with sawtooth shaped ridges of an acute vertex angle. The hybrid grism, as a prototype of the RFT grating, combines a high-index prism and SR transmission grating with sawtooth shape ridges of an acute vertex angle. The mold of the SR grating for the hybrid grism on to a work of Ni-P alloy of non-electrolysic plating successfully fabricated by using our ultra-precision machine and a single-crystal diamond bite. The QB immersion grating was fabricated by a combination of an inclined QB grating, Littrow prism and surface reflection mirror.