The Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) and Total Hemispherical Reflectance (THR) of two candidate black diffuse materials for the dim calibration targets of the NASA GSFC PACE Ocean Color Instrument (OCI) were reported in the SPIE conference last year. In this paper, we present new BRDF and THR results of the two black diffuse materials following additional UV exposure and solar wind tests. The BRDF measurements for five samples of each two black diffuse material were made at incident angles of 0° and 45° and at the wavelengths of 360 nm, 600 nm, and 1600 using the Table-top Goniometer (TTG) located in the Diffuser Calibration Laboratory (DCL) at NASA GSFC. The THR of the samples, 15 mm in diameter, was measured using a commercial UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer from 200 nm to 2500 nm. The spectral THR results of the two black diffuse materials exposed to UV and solar wind show an approximate 10 % higher reflectivity than the unexposed samples. The spectral profiles of the THR of the exposed and unexposed samples are relatively similar. The BRDF results at the incident angle of 45° show different trends in the forward and backward scattering regions, while those at normal incident angle are consistent with the THR results. We will also present the details of the samples’ surface features and the comparison of the 0°/45° BRDF and THR results, demonstrate the significance of background subtraction in the THR measurements for small, low reflectance samples, and discuss validation of BRDF scale, measurement repeatability, and major contributions of uncertainty.
We report the Bidirectional Reflection Distribution Function (BRDF) and Total Hemispheric Reflectance (THR) results of several low reflectance materials using a Table-top Goniometer (TTG) and a commercial UV-VIS-NIR spectrophotometer in support of the NASA GSFC PACE project. The newly developed TTG was utilized to perform the BRDF measurements for several black candidate samples in in-plane and out-of-plane configurations from 300 nm to 2000 nm. These measurements demonstrated the BRDF capability of the TTG to calibrate the dim calibration target with a reflectance of approximately 2 % for the OCI of the PACE project. The spectral THR of the black samples from 200 nm to 2500 nm was determined using a 10 % reflectance diffuse black standard and a monochromator-based light source equipped with a 150 mm diameter integrating sphere. The THR measurement is used to compliment and validate the BRDF measurements acquired from these samples. In this presentation, we also show examples of UV induced BRDF and THR changes on two black coatings. We will discuss validation of the BRDF scale, source stability, measurement repeatability, instrument signature, and uncertainty components.
In support of the prelaunch calibration of the Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS-1) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), the Bidirectional Reflectance Factor (BRF) and Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) of a VIIRS solar diffuser (SD) witness sample were determined using the table-top goniometer (TTG) located in the NASA GSFC Diffuser Calibration Laboratory (DCL). The BRF of the sample was measured for VIIRS bands in the reflected solar wavelength region from 410 nm to 2250 nm. The new TTG was developed to extend the laboratory’s BRF and BRDF measurement capability to wavelengths from 1600 to 2250 nm and specifically for the VIIRS M11 band centered at 2250 nm. We show the new features and capabilities of the new scatterometer and present the BRF and BRDF results for the incident/scatter test configuration of 0°/45° and for a set of angles representing of the VIIRS on-orbit solar diffuser calibration. The BRF and BRDF results of the SD witness were used to assist in finalizing the set of BRF values of J1 VIIRS SD to be used on-orbit. Comparison of the BRF results between the JPSS-1 VIIRS SD witness sample and the flight SD panel was made by varying different sample clocking orientations and by analyzing the ratio of BRF to total hemispherical reflectance in effort to minimize the uncertainty of the extrapolated flight BRF value at 2250 nm. Furthermore, differences between the prelaunch BRF results and those used in the VIIRS on-orbit BRF lookup table were examined to improve the VIIRS BRF calibration for future missions.