In this paper we review various organizational issues encountered when GRANTECAN, the Spanish organization
responsible for the construction and operation of the GTC telescope, evolved from the construction phase of a large
telescope facility into the phase of scientific operation. GRANTECAN now operates and further develops the 10.4m
segmented telescope, GTC. The advent of operational pressures to scientifically exploit the telescope enforced a number
of organizational changes as priorities shifted towards achieving the best possible level of operational effectiveness. In
this paper we will treat the GRANTECAN experience as a case study of the limitations and problems that were
encountered throughout this change. We will focus on the processes and strategies applied in order to achieve the
necessary changes. We will place our experience in the framework of the McKinsey 7S model, highlight a number of key
performance indicators, and will indicate the organizational changes that have taken place, that influenced the way the
objectives are achieved. We will present a forward look based on our experience to date.
The GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias) is an optical and IR telescope, with a 10,4 meter segmented primary, installed at
the Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos (ORM) on the island of La Palma.
GTC commissioning started in July 2007 when First Light was achieved. GTC regular scientific operations started at the
beginning of 2009 with its first science instrument: OSIRIS, a visible camera with tunable filter and low-resolution
multi-object spectroscopic capability. Since that time science operation and telescope and instrument development
activities alternate in using the available telescope time. Later in 2010 the second science instrument will be
commissioned: CanariCam, a thermal-IR camera and low-resolution spectrograph with polarimetric and coronagraphic
This paper presents the telescope commissioning process, the problems encountered and shows some of the performance
aspects. First science results will also be presented to demonstrate the current capabilities of the GTC facility.
The GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias) is an optical/IR telescope, with a 10,4 meter segmented primary, installed at the
Observatorio del Roque de Los Muchachos (ORM), at La Palma.
Past July 2007 it saw its First Light showing a very promising behaviour. The very good image quality achieved at that
an early stage of telescope commissioning is a direct consequence of the quality of its optics, the high performances of
its primary mirror control system, and the highly engineered telescope structure and servo system.
At present, we are advancing with the telescope commissioning whose first results are presented here. The two Day One
science instruments: OSIRIS and CanariCam are being prepared for installation and commissioning on the telescope.
Science verification are planned to be initiated by the end of 2008 and regular operation by March 2009.
The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) 10.4m telescope received its First Light on July 13, 2007. At present the GTC is
undergoing commissioning tests. Night time observations are being carried out routinely from Monday through to
Thursday every week. The GTC will begin science observation by the end of the year, and will be offered to the
community in September 2008 for the semester starting in March 09. The two first generation science instruments are
getting ready to be mounted on the telescope. In this talk I will go through the main features of the first generation
science instruments and describe their status of completion. I will also devote some time to the second-generation
instruments that are currently at various states of advancement. These include EMIR, a wide field multi-object K band
cryogenic spectrograph, and FRIDA, which is a near IR Adaptive Optics fed integral field spectrograph. Finally, I will
describe a set of smaller instruments that will complement and indeed extend the observing capabilities of the GTC soon
after the start of science operation.
The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) 10.4m telescope will be having its first light soon after this meeting. A fairly
complete set of science instruments are being prepared for installation at the GTC soon after first light or a couple of
year after in the case of the second generation instruments. In this talk I will describe the main features of the various
instruments and discuss their completion status. In particular I will dwell on the Tuneable filters combined with a wide
field and charge shuffling capabilities of OSIRIS, Elmer's outstanding throughput, and the thermal IR polarimetry and
coronagraphy capabilities of CanariCam. I will also show the wide field multi-object K band spectroscopic capabilities
of EMIR, the first of the second-generation instruments. Finally, I will describe CIRCE, a near IR camera being offered
by the UF for GTC, and FRIDA, a near IR AO geared imager and IFU spectrograph meant to exploit the GTC AO
The GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias) is a 10,4 meter segmented telescope, whose integration is currently being completed at the ORM in La Palma, Spain. The GTC is a partnership between Spain, Mexico and the University of Florida. Main science drivers for the GTC are image quality, operational efficiency and reliability. First light is planned for late-2006. The GTC Project, initiated in 1996, is nearly complete in its integration. Groundbreaking was done in 2000. The telescope building and dome were finished by end 2002. The telescope structure was complete in early 2005. Since then this structure is being completed with the rest of the parts, i.e. M1 mirror subcells, M3 tower, main axes encoders and motors, cables, pipes and cable-rotators, electronic cabinets, etc. The mirrors will be installed at the telescope, just before First Light. All the optical elements have been finished and are being prepared to be installed. Three science instruments are being completed to be installed as first generation instruments. Two second-generation instruments, including one exploiting the future Adaptive Optics capabilities of the GTC, are under development.
The GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias) is a 10,4 meter segmented telescope currently being integrated at the ORM in La Palma, Spain. It is a partnership between Spain, Mexico and the University of Florida. Main science drivers for the GTC are image quality, operational efficiency and reliability. First light is planned for mid-2005.
The GTC Project, initiated in 1996, is well advanced in its integration. Construction started in October 1999. The main building and dome were finished by end 2002 and are now enclosing the assembly work of the telescope structure. All telescope subsystems are finished and in La Palma where the telescope structure keeps growing. The segments of the primary mirror, probably one of the most demanding part of the GTC, have also started to be delivered by the polisher. Three science instruments are starting their integration and are expected to arrive at the telescope well on time. Two second-generation instruments, including one exploiting the future Adaptive Optics capabilities of the GTC, are under development. Preparation for operation and maintenance has started to ensure a smooth transition from construction into the operation phase. The current status of the project and the short term plans are presented here.
The GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias) Project, a 10 meter segmented telescope to be installed at the ORM in La Palma, Spain, is moving forward at full steam. Main science drivers for the GTC are image quality, operational efficiency and reliability. First light is planned for end-2002.
The Grain Telescopio CANARIAS (GTC) is a high performance 10-m class telescope which is being built by the IAC (Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias). It will be installed at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, on the island of La Palma. First light is planned for end-2002. Image quality, operational efficiency and reliability are emphasized in the Conceptual Design which was finished in mid-97. Preliminary design is now proceeding on all the aspects of the project. The GTC Project is presently funded at the 50% level by Spain. Other partners are encouraged to participate in this challenging project. The scientific drives behind the GTC project are described here, as well as the current technical, managerial, and operational baseline.
A project to build a large telescope at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM), in the island of La Palma, has been underway for several years. Spanish astronomy has progressed steadily to the point where gaining access to large telescope time is key to its continued and future growth. Also the technological situation within Spain is such that building a large telescope is regarded as a scientific and advanced technology endeavor worth investing in. The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) project has thus been granted approval in February this year, with an allocation of 51% of the budget. Current activities of the telescope project are mainly concentrated in the conceptual design and analysis of the telescope optics, including plans for the adaptive optics, its mechanical structure and enclosure, and an active campaign of site testing. We are also carrying out detailed programs aimed at producing and testing prototype models for sensors, actuators and the control system for aligning the primary mirror segments. In the following sections, the current status of the activities being carried out by the telescope project team are described.