Accurate measurements of above ground biomass are important to evaluate its contribution as a CO2 absorption source. If global canopy height model can be obtained, we can make an appropriate evaluation. This is MOLI’s mission. Moreover, MOLI can improve the accuracy of digital terrain model. In this paper, we will report on the development status of MOLI for LIDAR observation from space by mounting on the Japanese Experiment Module with International Space Station.
Accurate measurements of forest biomass are important to evaluate its contribution as a source of CO2 absorption. Forest biomass correlates with forest canopy height, and thus global measurements of canopy heights lead to a better understanding of the global carbon cycle. Space-borne lidar has the unique capability of measuring forest canopy height. A vegetation lidar named MOLI (Multi-footprint Observation Lidar and Imager) has been designed to observe canopy heights more accurately, and MOLI is currently being studied in the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). This paper introduces an overview of MOLI and its current status.
Accurate measurements of forest biomass are important to evaluate its contribution to the global carbon cycle. Forest biomass correlates with forest canopy height; therefore, global measurements of canopy height enable a more precise understanding of the global carbon cycle. A vegetation lidar named “MOLI” which is designed to measure accurate canopy height has been studied by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in cooperation with some researchers. MOLI stands for Multi-footprint Observation Lidar and Imager.
The feature of MOLI is to set multi-footprints for improving the precision of canopy height, and we can find out whether ground surface is flat or slope because an angle of inclination affects the estimation of canopy height.
MOLI is going to be mounted on the Exposed Facility (EF) of the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM, also known as “Kibo”) on the International Space Station (ISS). Now, we are carrying out a feasibility study and some experiments. We introduce an overview and a status of MOLI.