An innovative demodulation system for multilongitudinal mode fiber laser sensor has been proposed. By using a bandpass filter and a low-speed analog-to-digital converter (ADC), the high-frequency sensing signal can be downconverted and sampled simultaneously when the unaliasing condition is satisfied. Since the MLM fiber laser sensor could generate a wideband electrical signal after optical-to-electrical conversion, it is convenient to filter the signal to meet the unaliasing condition by a tunable bandpass filter while keeping the sample rate unchanged. Moreover, each tone of the beating frequency signal has the full information for demodulation of measurand. The demodulation system only needs a bandpass filter and a low-speed ADC which reduces the cost of the system and make the system more stable. A proof-of-concept experiment is conducted to verify the proposed scheme. Eventually by demodulating a beat frequency in 1.625GHz, a sensitivity of -5.87kHz/°C is achieved in a fiber laser sensing system with a sample rate of 500MHz.
We designed and experimentally studied a sampled Bragg grating semiconductor laser with π equivalent phase shift (EPS) and three equally separated electrodes. When the central electrode is injected different current from the other electrodes, a distributed phase shift (DPS) can be introduced into the studied laser. By changing the injection current ratio into three electrodes, the DPS can be controlled and then the lasing wavelength can be tuned while the laser keeps single longitudinal mode operation.