Midwave infrared (MWIR) type-II superlattices (T2SL) have revolutionized the market with possibility of low Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) detectors. IRnova currently has a full-scale production of SWaP T2SL detectors (Oden MW, 640×512 on 15μm pitch), which have demonstrated excellent performance for operating temperatures up to 110 K at F/5.5. Development of high-resolution detectors with small pixel pitch (HD, 1280×1024 pixels) for MWIR as well as long wave and very long wave infrared (LWIR/VLWIR) detection is currently ongoing. In this paper, it has been demonstrated that the low dark current density and high sensitivity needed for high operating temperatures are maintained also for these small pixel pitch detectors, which makes IRnova’s T2SL technology fully compatible with next generation HD detectors.
In this paper, the performance of small, lightweight, and low power (SWaP) midwave infrared (MWIR) type-II superlattice detectors have been studied. The detectors cover the MWIR range from 3.7 μm to 5.1 μm with quantum efficiency higher than 60% in the entire range. Statistics from the focal plane array (FPA) production show excellent reproducibility with average temporal NETD of 20 mK, spatial NETD of 5 mK and operability values typically higher than 99.85%. Good uniformity across the arrays is demonstrated with narrow NETD histograms and highly uniform gain-correction maps. Temperature studies of the FPA performance show that the low NETD values, good uniformity and high operability are maintained up to 110 K. After integration of these FPAs in SWaP integrated detector dewar cooler assemblies (IDDCAs) with F/5.5, the high FPA performance is maintained with good imaging properties.
In this paper, results from the development of InAs/GaSb superlattice focal plane arrays (FPAs) at IRnova will be presented. A versatile and robust detector design is used that allows for adjustment of the detection cut-off wavelength from 2.5 μm up to 14.5 μm with only minor changes in the detector design. Performance of the fabricated detectors has been reviewed in terms of external quantum efficiency (EQE), dark current and noise for three designs with cut-off wavelengths of 4, 5.5 and 11 μm at 80 K (referred to as DEEP BLUE, RED HOT and VLWIR, respectively). Measurements on the 15 μm sized photodiodes demonstrated 70% EQE for the MWIR designs, and almost 40% - for VLWIR. At the same time, the dark current stayed close to the Rule07 benchmark for all studied samples. Noise mechanisms have been discussed and their relation to the passivation was examined. Mature in-house processing and passivation technique of resulted in very high spatial uniformity of VGA focal plane arrays (FPAs), i.e. low relative deviations of EQE (< 6%) and of dark current density (< 12%) and narrow noise distributions for both RED HOT and DEEP BLUE FPAs. We show also that <99.5% of these arrays operate close to the fundamental noise limit.
In this paper, the performance of high operating temperature (HOT) type-II superlattice FPAs (640 × 512 pixels @ 15 μm pitch), are demonstrated. The type-II superlattice design used for these FPAs has a cut-off wavelength of 5.3 μm and the quantum efficiency is extracted to 80% at FPA level. The HOT FPAs are integrated in IDDCAs with small size, weight and power (SWaP) with F#4 configuration. Excellent imaging performance is demonstrated at 110 K with temporal NETD of 21 mK, spatial NETD of 7 mK, 10 ms integration time and typical operability > 99.8 %. From modelling and studies of the temperature dependence of the FPA performance, further increase of the operating temperature up 130 K is predicted for the 5.3μm design.