SCUBA-2 is a world leading wide field submillimeter camera on the JCMT with two, large format background limited TES arrays, which are used to image simultaneously in the 450μm and 850um atmospheric windows. SCUBA-2 has been producing excellent science for over 6 years however, as we reported previously, excess in-band power loading of the arrays is a concern. One possibility that we considered was that the currently installed hot-pressed filters at the 4K stage were being warmed significantly above 4K by incoming infrared radiation. In an attempt to reduce the power loading we cryogenically tested a new 60K filter stack that incorporated a redesigned thermal blocking filter. A direct comparison was then made to the performance of the existing 60K filter stack installed in SCUBA-2. We saw a tremendous improvement in the infrared rejection with the new design and proceeded to install the new filter stack into SCUBA-2.
In this paper, we describe the testing and installation of the new and improved design of thermal blocking filter into the instrument and report the resulting performance change based on data from the first 12 months of science operation with the new filters. We also present the combined filter bandpass profiles as measured in-situ with FTS-2.
The Sub-millimeter Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) large format Transition Edge Sensor (TES) arrays are optimized to maximize mapping speed with two commissioned regular observing scan patterns. The ancillary instruments POLarimeter 2 (POL-2) and Fourier Transform Spectrometer 2 (FTS-2) impose different demands on the arrays compared to regular stand-alone SCUBA-2 observing. This includes a change in the background optical power loading on the arrays and a requirement for a larger dynamic range from the individual TES bolometers. In this paper, we discuss the process for optimizing the TES arrays specifically for POL-2 and FTS-2 operations and report the improvements that we have obtained.
In this paper, we report on the spectrum measurement of a terahertz (THz) pulse signal using a Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTS) system. The THz pulse signal is a quantum cascade laser (QCL) at 3.7THz with changeable repeating frequency and duty cycle. With a fixed duty cycle, the repeating frequency is changed to investigate the maximum value that can be measured with an FTS system. The relationship between the spectrum intensity and the pulse width is investigated through the variance of the duty cycle with a given repeating frequency. Detailed experimental results will be presented.
Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTS) is a measurement technique widely used in characterizing the spectrum of light sources and the frequency response of detectors. Some “ghost” spectral lines, however, are often observed in measured Fourier transform spectra, such as high-frequency harmonics of the light source due to multiple reflections in the measurement system and unexpected high frequency lines owing to low-frequency interferences in the data acquisition. Here we study the effects of multiple reflections and low-frequency interferences on the THz spectra measured by a Fourier transform spectrometer for different THz sources and detectors. Experimental and simulation results will be presented.