Different from the traditional daytime Remote Sensing (RS) observation data, Nighttime light (NTL) RS images have shown their great potential in earth observation applications from a unique point of view. With the launch of the China’s new generation Luojia1-01 (LJ1-01) NTL satellite, the acquisition of the high spatial resolution and high quality NTL imagery make it possible to identify the disaster event and its temporal change by using the automatic Change Detection (CD) techniques. It is a strong complement to the daytime remote sensing information. In this paper, we proposed a multiple feature fusion CD approach for fire disaster event monitoring in multitemporal high resolution LJ1-01 NTL images. The multiple texture features were fused by taking advantages of the Multivariate Alteration Detection (MAD) and its Iteratively-Reweighted version (IR-MAD) algorithms, in order to improve the CD performance limited by using the original single-band gray-level NTL images. Experimental results obtained on the multitemporal LJ1-01 NTL images demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed CD technique in implementing an automatic and accurate extraction of fire disaster event of the 2018 California Camp fire. The proposed approach outperformed the ones only relying on the gray-scale original band and single texture features. The conclusion of this study explores the possibility and potential by using high resolution NTL data for CD, in particular, for the effective emergency and rescue in major disaster monitoring applications.
In this paper, we propose to apply unsupervised band selection to improve the performance of change detection in multitemporal hyperspectral images (HSI-CD). By reducing data dimensionality through finding the most distinctive and informative bands in the difference image, foreground changes may be better detected. Band selection-based dimensionality reduction (BS-DR) technique is considered to investigate in details the following sub-problems in HSI-CD including: 1) the estimated number of multi-class changes; 2) the binary CD; 3) the multiple CD; 4) the change discriminability; 5) the optimal number of selected bands. Thus it contributes at first time a quantitative analysis of the BS-DR approach impacting on the HSI-CD performance. Due to the difficulty of having training samples in an unknown environment, unsupervised band selection and change detection are considered. A pair of real multitemporal hyperspectral Hyperion data set has been used to validate the proposed approach. Experimental results confirmed the effectiveness of selecting a band subset to obtain a satisfactory CD result, comparing with the one using original full bands. In addition, the results also demonstrated that the reduced feature space is capable to maintain sufficient information for detecting the occurred spectrally significant changes. CD performance is enhanced with respect to the increasing of change representative and discriminable capabilities.
Conference Committee Involvement (2)
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXVII
13 September 2021 | Madrid, Spain
Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXVI