Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI), a payload of the Communication, Ocean and Meteorology Satellite
(COMS), is the world's first ocean color observation satellite in geostationary orbit. It was launched at Kourou Space
Center in French Guiana in June 2010. The detector array in GOCI is custom CMOS Image sensor about 2 Mega-pixels,
featuring rectangular pixel size to compensate for the Earth oblique projection.
This satellite is being operated on geostationary orbit about 36,500km far from the earth; hence it can be more influenced
by sun activities than the other on low Earth orbit. Especially, the detector is sensitive of heat and it may give rise to
increasing the defective pixels. In this paper, radiometric performance variations have been analyzed through the time
series analysis, using the offset parameters and detector temperature estimated in GOCI radiometric model. It is essential
to monitor the overall sensitivity of GOCI sensor, and it will helpful to the radiometric calibration.
In the result, we notified there was no great variation in time series of offset parameters after operating the GOCI in July
2010, but we monitored an anomaly by an operational event. One of them related to thermal electron showed slightly
increasing trend and the diurnal variation by the sun energy. Although sun interferences are occurred sometimes, any
significant anomaly isn't found. With these results of characterization, we find that GOCI has been carrying out stably in
the aspect of radiometric performance, and expect that it will be kept during the mission life.
The world's first space-borne ocean color observation geostationary satellite was launched on June 27, 2010. Systems
and Korea Ocean Satellite Center was established for receiving, processing and distributing images captured
Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) since 2005. Trials test of the systems had been conducted continuously for
stabilized operation since 2009. Systems in KOSC were set up to operate from receiving image to distributing data
nonstop. Because this means that stabilized operation of each system and relation of them is important, it is crucial to
figure out problem when anomaly occurred and analyze effect on each system. Also it is very significant to figure out
additional unexpected problem during in-orbit test period, analyze it and then propose solutions to it, because operation
of geostationary satellite for ocean is the first in the world.
In conclusion, we artificially make emergencies and propose solutions responding to them before lunching satellite. Also
we analyze anomalies which are occurred during in-orbit test period, then seek solutions responding them for setting up
stabilized operation. The results drawing from the paper will good source to KOSC which operate system of GOCI and
agencies concerned for 7 years from now.