We investigate possibilities of using a multicore fiber containing fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in sensing applications. We use the advantages of the femtosecond point-by-point technique to inscribe FBGs in the selected cores of polyimidecoated 7-core fiber. Besides the results on 3D shape sensing we present new approaches for acoustic wave detection and environment refractive index sensing. In particular, we show that spatial division multiplexing with a multicore fiber allows one to create multipoint acoustic sensor based on a single laser source. In addition, to detect the change in environment refractive index by using point-by-point FBG, there is no need in fiber coating removal. Thus, durability of the fiber along with the FBG inscription approach is of great potential for fabrication of next generation multiple parameter sensors.
The influence of β-radiation exposure (the total dose up to 41.1 MGy and dose rate of 2.5 kGy/s) on the spectral characteristics of high and low reflective FBGs inscribed using femtosecond laser radiation in Ge-doped and pure-silica core fibers with polyimide and metal coating is presented. The largest Bragg wavelength induced shift (BWS) of +55 pm is observed in the case of weak reflective FBG (type I) inscribed in Ge-doped fiber. A comparable red shift in wavelength of + 50 pm is observed in the case of high reflective FBG (type II), which is explained by an increase in the concentration of GeE’-centers and, accordingly, an increase in the effective refractive index. Moreover, a significantly smaller BWS of -10 pm was obtained in the case of high reflective FBGs inscribed in pure-silica core fibers.