Proc. SPIE. 11318, Medical Imaging 2020: Imaging Informatics for Healthcare, Research, and Applications
KEYWORDS: Visual process modeling, Data modeling, Visualization, Image processing, 3D modeling, Telecommunications, Artificial intelligence, 3D visualizations, 3D image processing, Picture Archiving and Communication System
This paper proposed a new generation PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) based on artificial intelligent visualization. It is developed from our GRIDPACS (patent number: US8805890), which combined with IHE XDS-I profile, to implement images communication, storage and display. It also uses 3D anatomical visualization model to extract multi-source data from PACS/RIS/HIS/EMR, to express patient disease location, size and severity, which was introduced as Visual Patent (VP) at previous SPIE Medical Imaging (SPIE MI 2018). It can integrate the training model of AI Imaging Diagnosis, to mark the focus and display the disease trends. The system not only has the original PACS functions, but also realizes the man-machine interaction (images and electronic medical record information between radiologist and patient) in a personalized, fast, comprehensive, quantitative and easy-to-understand way. It can be used in various medical institutions, image diagnostic centers, and imaging cloud, to support the healthy development of imaging technology in China.
The benign and malignant differential diagnosis of small pulmonary nodules (diameter < 20 mm) found in lung CT images is big challenges for most of radiologists. Here, we presented our preliminary study of benign and malignant differentiation of small pulmonary nodules in lung CT images by using deep learning Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). The 921 cases with small benign and malignant pulmonary nodules confirmed by pathology were collected from three data sources and were used to train and validate the CNN. The preliminary results of AUCs of ROC curves for differentiating benign and malignant pulmonary small nodules with various types and sizes of solid, semi-solid and ground glass nodules were presented and discussed.