The PANTER X-ray test facility of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) has over 40 years of heritage in testing and calibrating x-ray optics. Having contributed to missions such as XMM-Newton, Chandra, and eROSITA, the facility measures the performance of x-ray optic technologies that will enable future x-ray telescopes to be realised. Over the last year, PANTER has been testing the latest developments in silicon pore optics for ESA’s ATHENA mission, as well as full-shell eROSITA-like optics for the CAS/ESA/MPE Einstein Probe mission. For ATHENA, complete mirror modules for the outer radius of the telescope have been tested. The latest developments in the optics for the mid-radius of the telescope, including the first confocal mirror module, have been measured for performance. The paper will provide an overview of the most recent testing carried out at PANTER, and the alignment and measurement techniques used.
Studying astronomical objects in the X-ray regime, iridium-based layer systems are highly effective reflective materials for telescopes mirrors. Aschaffenburg University and the Czech Technical University in Prague jointly developed stress compensated chromium-iridium coatings. To overcome the disturbing reflectivity reduction of the iridium absorption edge around 2 keV photon energy and improve general reflectivity at lower incident energies, thin overcoat layers of chromium have been applied in addition. Corresponding measurements at several X-ray lines have been performed on these samples at the PANTER test facility of the Max-Planck Institute for extraterrestrial Physics. A part of the experimental results and their comparison with theoretical simulations are presented in this contribution.