The application of small satellites is a new focus on deep space exploration. Small satellites are easy to launch as secondary payloads, and more suitable for international cooperation. However, small satellites have several major weaknesses for deep space missions, such as the lack of orbit transfer capability and large antenna. This paper presents an innovative concept of small satellite bus based on Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Secondary Payload Adapter (ESPA). The proposed satellite bus is equipped with orbit control subsystem and a large parabolic antenna for the exploration of Jovian and Saturnian systems. In this paper, the mission requirements, the launch feasibilities and the design parameters of the proposed satellite bus are also discussed.