The plasmon effect is of great significance for photoemission in metallic nanostructure. We introduced the photoemission electron microscope (PEEM) in detail, and used it to study the effects of polarization on the far-field and near-field of the plasmon. We further investigate the photoelectron energy spectrum obtained by PEEM and demonstrated the spatial distribution of photoelectrons with different energies. These experimental results help us to further understand the mechanism of photoemission and laid the foundation for the future development of plasmon device and technology.
Accurately grasping and controlling the plasmon dynamics and dephasing time is a prerequisite for the application of plasmons. Here, we report on the investigation of dynamics and dephasing time of different plasmonic hot spots in a single bowtie structure under varied light polarization using time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). In contrast to those previous global-parameter descriptions, we here report the experimental observation of apparently spatially diverse plasmon dynamic characteristics and spatially different dephasing time within a plasmonic bowtie. We experimentally obtain different plasmon dynamics in the tips of the bowtie nanostructure with different light polarization and actively control dephasing time by changing the light polarization which transforms the plasmon mode. Experimental results got the minimum dephasing time of 8.5fs and the maximum dephasing time of 17fs, which has a large adjustment range. In addition, we found that structural defects can prolong the dephasing time, and we analyzed its role in the influence of plasmon dynamics and dephasing time.
The precise understanding of the spatiotemporal characteristics of ultrafast surface plasmons is a prerequisite for applications of plasmonics. Here, we report on the investigation of near-field imaging and dynamics of propagating and localized surface plasmons (PSPs and LSPs) using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) of the trench on the silver film and gold bowtie nanostructure. The actual propagation direction of PSPs is directly obtained by reading PEEM images via the non-collinear exciting method by the trench. The results have demonstrated that the trench structure is potential as a 2D plasmonic dispersion element. Moreover, we experimentally obtain diﬀerent LSPs dephasing times in the tips of the bowtie nanostructure by interferometric time-resolved PEEM. Experimental result reveals the dynamics of the LSP field initially oscillate at the laser field frequency and finally develop into its eigenfrequency after experiencing a few periods of frequency ﬂuctuation.