Using the principle of Surface Plasmons Polaritons, we propose a graphene broadband terahertz absorption structure that achieves the tunable absorption of electromagnetic waves. In our absorption structure, the method of patterning graphene is used to realize continuous broadband absorption from 0.5THz to 2.1THz. The absorption which is more than 50% reaches 1.1THZ, especially the structure designed here has three plasmonic resonance peaks which above 98% at 0.79THz, 1.18THz and 1.35THz, respectively. In addition, the symmetry in the pattern design consider that our absorption structure is not sensitive to the polarization and incident angle. Due to a series of excellent characteristics of the absorption structure, it may play an important role in the field of aircraft stealth, absorber, and light wave modulation.
A nanoslit array is introduced on the silicon waveguide, and the phase difference is controlled by the slit width to satisfy the function of the focusing lens. If keep the designed width and depth of the slit in accordance with the focusing effect unchanged, when the incident wavelength changes, the focal position must change accordingly, and the dispersion effect is significant. In order to achieve the achromatic effect, the refractive index of the surrounding medium is changed while changing the wavelength. Finally, the refractive index of the surrounding medium which can keep the focal length constant at the wavelength of 1550-1950nm is obtained, and the equation that the change of the refractive index and the wavelength of the medium makes the focal length constant is obtained. The achromatic effect can be effectively achieved, and applications range of achromatic metalens from imaging in optical communications to telescopes in the astronomical field.
We introduce phase-change material Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) into metal–insulator–metal (MIM) waveguide systems to realize chipscale plasmonic modulators and switches in the telecommunication band. Benefitting from the high contrast of optical properties between amorphous and crystalline GST, the three proposed structures can act as reconfigurable and nonvolatile modulators and switches with excellent modulation depth 14 dB and fast response time in subnanosecond while possessing small footprints, simple frameworks, and easy fabrication. We provide solutions to design active devices in MIM waveguide systems and can find potential applications in more compact all-optical circuits for information processing and storage.
Electromagnetic (EM) wave absorbers are devices in which the incident radiation at the operating wavelengths can be efficiently absorbed and then transformed into ohmic heat or other forms of energy. Especially, EM absorbers based on metallic structures have distinct advantages in comparison with the traditional counterparts. Thus, they have different potential applications at different frequency ranges such as absorbing devices in solar energy harvesting systems. The reflective metallic grating is a kind of metallic EM absorbers and has the fascinating property of efficiently absorbing the incident light due to the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), consequently drawing more and more attention. In this paper, the absorption effect of a reflective metallic grating made of gold is studied by changing grating parameters such as the period, polarization direction of the incident light and so on. We use finite difference time-domain (FDTD) method to design the grating, and simulate the process and detect the absorption spectrum. In our design, the grating has rectangular shaped grooves and has the absorption efficiency 99% for the vertically incident transverse magnetic (TM) light at the wavelength of 818nm with the period of 800 nm, the width of 365 nm and the height of 34 nm. And then we find that the absorption spectrum is blue-shifted about 87 nm with decreasing period from 800 nm to700 nm and red-shifted about 14 nm with increasing the width of the block from 305 nm to 405 nm. The absorption becomes gradually weaker from 98% to almost zero with the polarization angle from 0° to 90°. Finally, we make a theoretical explanation to these phenomena in details. It is believed that the results may provide useful guidance for the design of EM wave absorbers with high absorption efficiency.