A surface-emitted ring-cavity terahertz (THz) wave parametric oscillator has been demonstrated for high-energy THz output and fast frequency tuning. Through the special optical design with a Galvano optical scanner and four-mirror ring-cavity structure, a maximum THz output of 12.9 μJ/pulse is achieved at 1.359 THz under the pump pulse energy of 172.8 mJ with the repetition rate of 10 Hz. A further research on the performance of the SE ring-cavity TPO has done to explore more characteristics of THz output. The THz pulse instability and the influence of cavity loss has analyzed. Moreover, the pump depletion rate of the ring-cavity configuration is much lower than the conventional surface-emitted terahertz wave parametric oscillator at the same experimental conditions.
A widely tunable, high-energy terahertz wave parametric oscillator based on 1 mol. % MgO-doped near-stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystal has been proposed with 1064 nm nanosecond pulsed laser pumping. The tunable range of 1.16 to 4.64 THz was obtained. Under the pump energy of 150 mJ/pulse, the maximum THz wave output energy of 12.56 μJ was achieved at 1.88 THz, corresponding to the THz wave conversion efficiency of 7.61×10-5 and the photon conversion efficiency of 1.14%, respectively. Moreover, the THz half maximum (FWHM) beam diameters of MgO:SLN TPO measured at 4 cm from the output surface were 7.42 mm and 6.06 mm in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively.