Gas sensors have wide applications including industrial process control, environment monitoring, safety control, etc. The distribution of these sensors enables data generation for the emerging trend of big data and internet of things. In this work, chip-based non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) gas sensors are demonstrated. Silicon substrate-integrated hollow waveguide (Si-iHWG), which is formed through silicon wafer etching and bonding, is used as optical channel and gas cell. A high sensitivity of 50 ppm for CO2 sensing is demonstrated. The Si-iHWG chip-based sensor with compactness, low cost, versatility, and robustness provides a promising platform for miniaturized gas sensing in various application scenarios.
A thermal emitter fabricated on complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible facilities is a key component for low-cost mid-infrared gas sensing. While conventional thermal emitters have broad spectrum and wide emission angle, which limit the sensing performance. In this work, a microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based thermal emitter with photonic crystal has been designed and fabricated using CMOS-compatible technology. The photonic crystal enables the emission wavelength selectivity within mid-infrared regime. By engineering photonic crystal dimension, the emission enhancement wavelength can be matched to the fingerprint wavelength of chemical gas for efficient chemical gas sensing purpose.