Superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers, with nearly quantum-limited sensitivity, have been playing an important role in Terahertz astronomy. For practical THz SIS receivers, however, the measured noise temperatures are sometimes higher than the expected value. The extra noise is mainly due to considerable RF noise contribution from the receiver components such as beam splitter, Dewar window, and infrared filter. In this paper, we mainly present the simulation and measurement results of the three components with different materials and thicknesses. Their noise contributions are also analyzed.
Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKID) are a promising low temperature superconducting detector because of high sensitivity, easy frequency-domain multiplexing and simple structure for large-format arrays. To develop large-format THz detectors for China’s Antarctic THz telescope, we have preliminarily designed an aluminum 64-pixel MKID array operating at the 350 GHz band. In this paper, the characteristics of the MKID array are thoroughly measured.
Microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKIDs) are playing an increasingly role in THz astronomy. Superconducting coplanar waveguide (CPW) lines are commonly adopted in MKIDs for the resonators as well as the readout through line. It is therefore of particular interest to characterize the transmission properities of superconducting CPW lines at low temperatures. A cryogenic through-line method based on two cryogenic RF switches is proposed to characterize Nb and TiN superconducting CPW lines. On-chip calibration has been successfully carried out. Detailed results and analysis will be presented.