An optical length measuring method exploiting microwave interrogated cascaded fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) is proposed. The frequency response of the filter with respect to the fiber length change of MZI is studied and an length measuring sensitivity of 2.580 GHz/mm is obtained. The proposed sensing configuration is with high sensitivity, easy to implement and shows the capability for other parameters measurement such as temperature, strain, and vibration.
An approach for photonic generation dual-chirp microwave waveform (DCMW) with frequency and bandwidth multiplication without filtering is proposed and demonstrated. A continuous-wave (CW) optical signal is sent to a polarization division multiplexing modulator. In the modulator, one part of the CW optical signal is modulated by the radio-frequency (RF) driving signals to generate ±2 nd-order single-frequency sidebands, while another one is modulated by the baseband chirped signals to generate ±2 nd-order chirped sidebands. After that, a frequency-doubled and bandwidth-quadrupled DCMW can be generated by photoelectric balanced detection. In the simulation experiments, by using a RF driving signal at 5GHz and a baseband single-chirp signal with bandwidth of 0.5GHz as the input electrical signals, a DCMW with central frequency of 10GHz and bandwidth of 2GHz is generated.